مکان یابی بهینه اماکن و فضاهای ورزشی در شهر سنندج با استفاده از تکنیک تلفیقی روش تحلیل شبکه ANP و مدل FUZZY در GIS ( نمونه موردی: شهرسنندج)

نوع مقاله : مقالات مستقل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد برنامه ریزی شهری، گروه شهرسازی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مهندسی شهرسازی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران

10.22080/usfs.2021.3120

چکیده

امروزه جوامع توسعه یافته هریک بر اهمیت توسعه فضاهای ورزشی و اثرات روشن آنها بر سلامت اجتماعی، بهبود کارایی، وحدت ملی و استفاده بهینه و صحیح از اوقات فراغت واقف هستند. در همین رابطه، تاثیر فضاها و مراکز ورزشی نیز اهمیت دوچندان دارد. باتوجه به اهمیت این موضوع، لازم است تا فضاهای ورزشی به گونه‌ای مکان‌یابی شده و در سطح شهر پراکنده شوند که عموم قادر باشند با سهولت به آنها دسترسی داشته باشند. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، ارزیابی الگوهای فضایی و تدوین الگوی بهینه جهت مکان‌یابی مراکز ورزشی در سطح شهر سنندج است. فرایند تحلیل به صورت ترکیبی از روش‌های توصیفی و تحلیلی می‌باشد. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم افزارهایGIS ، SUPER DECISIONS و از شاخص میانگین نزدیکترین همسایه جهت ارزیابی الگوی فضایی مراکز ورزشی و مدل ANP و مدل فازی جهت مکان‌یابی فضاهای ورزشی استفاده شده است. به نحوی که از مدل فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌ای جهت تعیین ارزش و وزن معیارهای مختلف و از سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی جهت تحلیل لایه‌ها و ارائه خروجی درقالب نقشه استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داده‌اند که پراکنش ناهمگون فضاهای ورزشی در سطح شهر و همچنین پایین بودن سطح سرانه فضاهای ورزشی و مشکلات دسترسی شهروندان به این مراکز از جمله اصلی‌ترین مسائل مرتبط با الگوی فضایی مراکز ورزشی در شهر سنندج است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Optimal Locating of Sports Facilities in Sanandaj City, Using Combined Technique of ANP Network Analysis and FUZZY Model in GIS (Case Study: Sanandaj City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Beigi 1
  • Farzin Charehjoo 2
1 MA in Urban Planning, University of Islamic Azad, Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Urban Planning, University of Islamic Azad, Sanandaj Branch, Sannadaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, developed communities are aware of the importance of developing sports spaces and their clear effects on social health, improving efficiency, national unity, and the optimal use of leisure time. In this regard, the impact of sports centers is of double importance. Given the importance of this issue, it is necessary to have sports spaces located and dispersed throughout the city so that the public can easily access them. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the spatial patterns and formulate the optimal pattern for locating sports centers in the city of Sanandaj. The analysis process is a combination of descriptive and analytical methods.  GIS, SUPER DECISIONS softwares and mean nearest neighbor index were used to analyze the collected data. The network analysis process model is used to determine the value and weight of different criteria, and the GIS is used to analyze the layers and provide output as a map. The results of this study show that the heterogeneous distribution of sport areas in the city, the low level of per capita sports areas and the problems of citizens' access to these centers are among the main issues related to the spatial pattern of sports centers in Sanandaj

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sports Areas
  • locating
  • ANP Model
  • Fuzzy Model
  • GIS
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