شناسایی و ارزیابی فرصت‌های توسعة کالبدی ناشی از زلزلة 1376 در شهر حاجی‌آباد زیرکوه

نوع مقاله : مقاله استخراج از رساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

3 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، ، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان

10.22080/usfs.2021.3124

چکیده

بلایای طبیعی مانند زلزله، فاجعة انسانی، تخریب منابع و ایجاد اختلال در فعالیت‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی شهرها را به دنبال دارند. روی دیگر این فاجعه، فرصت‌هایی است که پیرو تغییرات ناشی از وقوع زلزله برای توسعه، به‌خصوص در فرایند بازسازی و نوسازی فراهم می‌شود. هدف از این تحقیق، شناسایی و ارزیابی فرصت‌های توسعة کالبدی ناشی از زلزلة 1376 در شهر حاجی‌آباد زیرکوه است. روش تحقیق براساس هدف کاربردی و ازلحاظ ماهیت و روش توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده است. شیوة گردآوری اطلاعات شامل مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای (فیش‌برداری و اسنادی) و مطالعات میدانی (پرسش‌نامه و مصاحبه) است. روایی پرسش‌نامه با توجه به مقدار آلفای کرونباخ به‌دست‌آمده از پرسش‌نامه (828/0)، تأیید شد. به‌منظور بررسی و ارزیابی میزان استفاده از فرصت‌های توسعة کالبدی از مدل‌های تحلیل آماری در SPSS شامل آزمون T تک‌نمونه‌ای، تحلیل رگرسیون چندمتغیره و تحلیل عاملی استفاده‌ شده است. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که بالاترین میزان استفاده از فرصت‌های توسعة کالبدی در شهر حاجی‌آباد، در زمینة معابر و شبکة ارتباطی با امتیاز 30/3 بوده است. درحالی‌که استفاده از فرصت‌های توسعه در زمینة مسکن، خدمات و تسهیلات رفاهی و خدمات و تسهیلات زیربنایی مورد توجه و استفادة چندانی قرار نگرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Evaluation of Physical Development Opportunities of Earthquake of Hajiabad City, Zirkuh Township

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohreh Hadyani 1
  • Sayed Ali Hosseini 2
  • Fahimeh Biabani 3
1 Assistant Professor of Geography & Urban Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
2 PhD Candidate of Geography & Urban Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
3 MA in Geography & Urban Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In today's societies, the increasing growth of urbanization and increasing population of cities as an inevitable principle, especially in the cities of developing countries, have caused major changes in the structure of cities. Cities and urban spaces have become overwhelmed in structure by the passage of time, Changing conditions, different climates and different events as like many human artifacts. Historical and ancient textures that usually form the primary and main core of the country's cities, on one hand, they are part of the cultural and historical heritage of those cities and therefore their preservation and organization are inevitable. Urban tissues suffer from physical and functional deterioration due to lack of attention, proper maintenance and care. Identifying the physical and functional status of such tissues with the aim of managing and planning for their maintenance are among the first and important steps that must be taken. The historical context of the city of Urmia is one of those which it has been explored in the context of local community-based asset policies. Asset based development of local communities is based on identifying, enhancing and utilizing existing capacities and assets. In other words, asset base development serves both as a tool in urban planning and management and as a way to equip the local community to achieve sustainability

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • policy
  • Physical Development
  • Natural disasters
  • Earthquake
  • Hajiabad City
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