تحلیل ساختار کالبدی _فضایی شهرهای کوچک نوپا در انتظام شبکۀ شهری مورد مطالعه: شبکۀ شهری استان گلستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله استخراج از رساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا جغرافیای برنامه‌ریزی شهری،( مربی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران)

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه پیام نور گنبد، گنبد، ایران

3 استاد گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

4 استاد گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
عملکرد شهرهای کوچک در پیوند نظام سکونتگاهی به‌منظور انتظام شبکۀ شهری مستلزم کارایی و مطلوبیت در ساختار کالبدی_‌فضایی این شهرها است. البته به دلیل برخی سیاست‌گذاری‌های نامتوازن شهری _منطقه‌ای در گذر زمان، شاهد دگرگونی در ساختار کالبدی این شهرها بوده‌ایم که موجبات ناکارآمدی عملکردی شهرهای کوچک را در پی داشته است. این تغییرات ساختاری به جهت موقعیت مکانی–فضایی در بین شهرهای کوچک نوپا استان گلستان متفاوت است. این مقاله با هدف تبیین و تحلیل ساختار کالبدی- فضایی شهرهای کوچک نوپا در انتظام شبکۀ شهری استان گلستان انجام گرفت. روش انجام پژوهش ازلحاظ ماهیت توصیفی-تحلیلی و ازلحاظ هدف کاربردی است. دادها به روش‌های اسنادی و پیمایشی و مبتنی بر پرسشنامه و مصاحبه جمع‌آوری شد.  جامعۀ آماری شامل: مدیران شهری، شهروندان و دهیاران و جامعۀ نمونه شامل تمام 14شهردار و 28 نفر اعضای شورای شهر، 379 شهروند و 74 دهیار می‌باشند. یافته-های پژوهش نشان می‌دهد، ناحیه دشت شمالی هم از نظر شهروندان با ضریب کندال (588/0) و میانگین رتبه‌ای کروسکال والیس (95/193) و هم از نظر دهیاران با ضریب کندال (585/0) و میانگین رتبه‌ای کروسکال والیس (87/39) و ناحیه کوهستانی جنوب از نظر مدیران شهری با ضریب کندال (702/0) و میانگین رتبه‌ای کروسکال والیس (50/24) درزمینۀٔ کالبدی-فضایی دارای بیشترین تغییرات بوده است؛ اما ناحیه جلگه میانی روند متوسطی را در این تغییرات داشته است. نتیجه اینکه نواحی سه‌گانه علی‌رغم اینکه در یک منطقه جغرافیایی قرار دارند اما با توجه به مقتضیات محلی و ناحیه‌ای، ساختارهای کالبدی-فضایی متفاوتی را در انتظام شبکۀ شهری تجربه کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Physical-spatial Structure of New Small Towns in the Order of the Studied Urban Network: The Urban Network of Golestan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein ammozad mahdirji 1
  • abdolhamid NAZARI 2
  • esmail aliakbari 3
  • mostafa taleshi 4
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Geography and Urban Planning Instructor at Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4 Professor Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The performance of small cities in connecting the residential system for ordering the urban network requires efficiency and desirability in the physical-spatial structure of these cities. Of course, due to some unbalanced urban-regional policies over time, a change in the physical structure of these cities can be seen, which has resulted in the functional inefficiency of small cities. These structural changes are different among the new small towns of Golestan province due to the physical-spatial location. This article aimed to explain and analyze the physical-spatial structure of new small towns in the urban network of Golestan province. This research is descriptive-analytical in nature and practical in terms of purpose. Data was collected by survey library method and based on questionnaires and interviews. The statistical population was city managers, citizens, and villagers, and the sample population included all 14 mayors and 28 city council members, 379 citizens, and 74 villagers. The findings of the research showed that the northern plains area had a Kendall coefficient (0.588) and Kruskal Wallis rank average (193.95) and villagers had a Kendall coefficient (0.585) and the average ranking of Kruskal Wallis (39.87). The results also revealed that the southern mountainous region had the most changes in terms of city managers with the Kendall coefficient (0.702) and the average ranking of Kruskal Wallis (24.50) in physical-spatial, while the middle plain region had a moderate trend in the changes of physical-spatial structure. It can be concluded that despite being located in the same geographical area, the three districts experienced different physical-spatial structures in the urban network arrangement, according to local and regional requirements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • urban network regularity
  • physical-spatial structure
  • new small towns
  • Golestan province
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